Type 2 diabetes can be a 'devastating diagnosis' says expert
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High blood sugars are dangerous if left to linger for long periods of time. Health complications include blood vessel damage, which increases the risk of a stroke. This is why it’s crucial to address any symptoms as soon as they emerge. “Sweet-smelling” urine may be attributed to type 2 diabetes, confirmed the NHS. As the body tries to remove excess glucose (i.e. sugar) from its system, urination frequency increases and it could have a sweet smell to it.
Other symptoms of high blood sugars include excessive thirst, fatigue, and itching around the genitals.
Excess sugar in the urine can create a breeding ground for yeast infections, hence the itchiness.
Diabetes UK pointed out the signs of a vaginal yeast infection [i.e. thrush], which includes:
- Soreness and itching around the vagina
- Reddening of the skin
- A white curd-like appearance on the skin
- White vaginal discharge
- Pain during intercourse
The NHS elaborated on thrush in men, which can cause:
- Irritation, burning and redness around the head of the penis and under the foreskin
- A white discharge (like cottage cheese)
- An unpleasant smell
- Difficulty pulling back the foreskin
READ MORE: Type 2 diabetes – signs in your mouth warning of a diabetic coma
Type 2 diabetes might also lead to blurred vision, slow-healing cuts and wounds, and losing weight without trying to.
How to get blood sugar levels under control
The global diabetes community highlighted options to bring down blood sugar levels.
If you take insulin to treat your diabetes, first check your blood glucose levels with a glucometer.
Should the blood sugar reading be high, then you can administer a dose of insulin.
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Do bear in mind that it can take up to four hours or longer for insulin to be fully absorbed in the body.
With or without insulin intervention, taking a walk is a great way to reduce blood sugar levels.
It’ll also help to hydrate with some water, which will help flush out excess sugar down below.
Furthermore, it’s important to take note of what you eat – are there any foods that are spiking blood sugar levels?
Harvard T.H. Chan – the school of public health – explained that carbohydrates are broken down by the digestive system into sugar.
The glycemic index ranks carbohydrates on a scale from 0 to 100 based on how quickly and how much they raise blood sugar levels after eating.
Foods with a high glycemic index are rapidly digested and cause spikes in blood sugar levels.
Meanwhile, foods with a low glycemic index are digested more slowly, prompting a gradual – and more manageable – rise in blood sugar.
Foods low in the glycemic index (GI)
- Wholegrain foods, such as porridge oats
Foods high in the glycemic index (GI)
- Sugary foods
- White rice
The NHS clarified: “If you only eat foods with a low GI, your diet may be unbalanced.
“Research has shown that the amount of carbohydrate you eat, rather than its GI rating, has the biggest influence on blood glucose levels after meals.”
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